Google's recently released white paper on AI policy offers a thoughtful set of recommendations across three areas: maximizing AI's economic benefits; governing it responsibly; and ensuring security while limiting misuse. It argues AI can drive growth and productivity if stakeholders invest in research, education, and job transition support. It also acknowledges that irresponsible or malicious AI could amplify societal problems. As such, it calls for standards, tailored rules for high-risk systems, security to control misuse, and research to understand impact and align values. Overall, Google makes a compelling case for proactively managing AI's progress to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks. I encourage you to read the full paper and engage in discussion around these consequential policy proposals, especially with people with whom you disagree.

While Google's suggestions seem reasonable, for policies this consequential we must subject even well-intentioned proposals to scrutiny. A diversity of perspectives, especially from marginalized groups, is needed to strengthen recommendations and ensure equitable progress. Their white paper offers a thoughtful start, but now broader public discussion must shape what Responsible AI becomes.

Regulations and policies significantly shape technology's impact, for good or ill. But equitable implementation of rules like those Google suggests is complex. On the practical side, the proposals for research funding, education programs and job retraining make sense, but raise questions about who benefits and in what areas of focus. "Grand challenges" could emphasize narrow targets over marginalized groups' needs or open scientific inquiry. Collaboration risks "Groupthink Valley" if dominated by a single vision.

Governing responsibly means accountability and follow through, not just stating principles. It means oversight bodies enforcing transparent rules tailored for specific, high-risk systems, not self-regulation. And understandings of challenges like bias or job disruption must inform policies, and not surface after problematic outcomes.

Security necessitates cooperation given AI's global nature. But we must avoid an "arms race" mentality and respect civil liberties. Policies should align technology with human values, not just national interests. However, as we develop policies, we must consider regional context. While global alignment is important, regional context and specificity shouldn't be neglected. Recognize that AI's impact can vary across different regions and demographics. As such, we should seek to tailor regional policies to address these unique challenges and opportunities.

Crafting responsible, equitable AI policy will be a messy, tedious process that requires hard work and good faith across borders, sectors and lines of difference. Active listening, empathy and a willingness to understand opposing views are essential. Making concessions and compromises will be necessary to balance competing interests justly. Policies made without regard for human rights and civil liberties, or that do not consider the experiences and needs of groups unlike those crafting them will certainly fail.

But, I am not naive. Cooperation and empathy like I describe above are ideals. We must acknowledge that fundamental, irreconcilable differences are bound to arise. There will be instances where interests and values simply do not align or power dynamics prevent equitable outcomes, no matter intentions. In these cases, what can we do but communicate? Where alignment proves impossible, clearly articulating areas of divergence will help identify where alternative approaches may be needed to address issues responsibly overall.

After watching the Senate Judiciary hearings on AI this week, I encourage policymakers to review this paper, consider recommendations, and ask more questions. In fact, Google should publish this on GitHub, and invite public input and pull requests. With wider perspectives shaping progress, AI can be developed and applied responsibly. But we must be vigilant partners if that ideal is to be achieved. Overall, Google's attempts to spur discussion deserves commendation and consideration. But achieving Responsible AI will require continuing critique and inclusion from all parts of society.